Diabetic Ketoacidosis – An introduction


This short module provides an overview of what DKA is, the pathophysiology of it, signs and diagnosis and the treatment of DKA. It briefly considers preventative measures. Given the disproportionately high rate of diabetes amongst Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, it is even more important of those working in Aboriginal health services to be alert to this potentially life threatening condition. Within the context of primary health care it is particularly important to understand how this condition can be prevented.

The module is aimed at all those providing clinical care to clients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. It is appropriate for Aboriginal health practitioners, Aboriginal health workers, nurses, midwives, dietitians and doctors.

Learning Objectives

At the end of this module participants will be able to:

  • Know the causes of diabetic ketoacidosis.
  • Outline the pathophysiology of diabetic ketoacidosis..
  • Identify the symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis.
  • Outline the treatment goals for diabetic ketoacidosis.
  • Describe the measures people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes may take to prevent diabetic ketoacidosis.

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