Hypertension: The basics – monitoring and interventions in primary health care


Hypertension, commonly known as high blood pressure, is a complex, chronic medical condition where blood pressure is consistently above the normal range. Known as the ‘silent killer’, patients usually have no symptoms, which can lead to delays in detection and treatment, and to serious complications. If left untreated or uncontrolled, hypertension is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, and the onset of vascular and kidney damage.

Many Aboriginal Medical Service (AMS) patients will eventually require treatment for end-stage kidney disease.

This module is designed for nurses and Aboriginal health practitioners working in primary health care. These practitioners have a key role in identifying hypertension, and in supporting patients to manage the condition. This module looks at the diagnosis and management of hypertension in adults, with a focus on measuring blood pressure and educating patients.

Learning Objectives

At the end of this module participants will be able to:

  • Understand why managing hypertension is important.
  • Identify blood pressure readings that indicate hypertension.
  • Perform a blood pressure reading correctly.
  • Explain the importance of lifestyle choices in managing hypertension.

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